As evidenced by Katie Couric, Sarah Palin is unable to name any Supreme Court Case other than Roe v. Wade. (To be more specific she was unable to name any Supreme Court decision she disagrees with other than Roe v. Wade. She also said she does believe the U.S. Constitution guarantees a right to privacy but did not seem to understand how that concept relates to Roe v. Wade.)
The Rules: Post info about ONE Supreme Court decision, modern or historic to your LJ. (Any decision, as long as it's not Roe v. Wade.) For those who see this on your f-list, take the meme to your own LJ to spread the fun.
I'm picking Miranda V. Arizona. Most people know the Miranda warning strictly from Law & Order (You have the right to remain silent, if you chose to give up that right anything you say and and will be held against you in a court of law...) and don't actually realize it came from a person. The long (long, long, long) story short is this: Ernesto Miranda was a life-long criminal who finally got arrested for raping a mentally disabled girl. He had been arrested several times before so nothing about it was new to him. Because of a bad issue with timing he was walked through the squad room while the victim and her sister and brother-in-law were sitting there where he piped of, of his own free will and without prompting, "That's her. That's the girl I raped."
Cut to the conviction, and the lawyer who got him an appeal based on the fact that Miranda was, to paraphrase, "not aware that he didn't have to speak." This appeal made it to and was heard by the Supreme Court, where it was upheld. Because of that case you must now be read your Miranda—a statement of your rights—when you're arrested.
Extra special bonus info? Miranda, an Arizona citizen, if you hadn't guessed from the case name, used to sell his autographs to cops outside the stations and sign their Miranda cards. Also, he was killed after cheating at poker in a bar that used to stand where
And now, gaze lovingly at my brand new hotass college boy icon.