According to the Back Numbers this is the order the people entered Fox River in (First to last).
NAME: Lincoln Burrows
BACK NUMBER: 19138
LOCATION: Death Row, Cell 18
CRIME: First degree murder, Aggravated discharge of firearm
SENTENCE: Death by electrocution
TIME LEFT ON SENTENCE: 9 days
ELIGIBLE FOR PAROLE IN: Inmate is not eligible for parole
NAME: Charles Westmoreland
BACK NUMBER: 21562
[...]Westmoreland was transferred to Fox River in 1973.
NAME: Charles Patoshik
BACK NUMBER: 72864
SENTENCE:</b> Sixty years
TIME LEFT ON SENTENCE: Fifty six years
NAME: John Abruzzi
BACK NUMBER: 81004
SENTENCE: 120 years
TIME LEFT ON SENTENCE: 117 yrs, 6 mo.
NAME: Benjamin Miles Franklin
BACK NUMBER: 89416
SENTENCE: Eight years
TIME LEFT ON SENTENCE: Seven years, two months
NAME: Theodore Bagwell
BACK NUMBER: 89632
[...]When Bagwell landed in Fox River, its chapter of the Alliance was non-existent. Thanks to the charismatic "T-Bag," two and a half years later it is one of the most powerful gangs in the prison.
NAME: Fernando Sucre
BACK NUMBER: 89775
SENTENCE: Seventeen years
TIME LEFT ON SENTENCE: Nine years, ten months.
NAME: Michael Scofield
BACK NUMBER: 94941
Michael has been in Fox River for approximately 31 days as of episode 0113.
NAME: David Apolskis
BACK NUMBER: 95012
Tweener has been in Fox River approximately one week as of 0113
See my main problem with this is the fact that a few things have been fucked over. See, according to their sentences? The first to last should be as follows:
Westmoreland - 32 years in FR - Transferred from ASPC Florence, first time in ILDOC, new IL number.
Sucre - 7 years in FR - first time in ILDOC, new IL number.
Haywire - 4 years - first time in ILDOC (Presumed from background), presumed new IL number.
Abruzzi - 3 years - 6 months - first time in ILDOC (Presumed from background info gained in various episodes), presumed new IL number.
Linc - 3 years - Not first time in ILDOC, old IL number.
T-Bag - 2 years, 6 months - transferred from ALDOC, first time in ILDOC, new IL number.
C-Note - 10 months - Unknown if first time in ILDOC, unknown if a new or old IL number.
Michael - 1 month - first time in ILDOC, new IL number.
Tweener - 1 week - first time in ILDOC, new IL number.
See, the thing about this is that C-Note is an unknown. If we go by the number it leads us to believe that he entered the ILDOC (Illinois Department Of Corrections) sometime right around two and a half years ago.
Eight thousand, four hundred and twelve people arrived between when Abruzzi arrived at FR and when C-Note got his number. Between C-Note and T-Bag there were two hundred and sixteen people admitted into prison in the state of Illinois.
In the three weeks between Michael and Tweener there were only 71 people admitted to prison in the state of Illinois.
Linc arrives two thousand, four hundred and two before Westmoreland. He was born sentenced to prison apparently. Linc's number, if his previous record according to the Bio is true should have a number lower than everyone else except maybe Sucre but significantly higher than Westmoreland's.
In summary? Close but not quite. They're getting there though.